Building a postwar economy

An offshoot of the Canadian Manufacturers' Association, the CRA (under its president Sir John Willison) changed its focus towards the end of the First World War and focusing on taking advantage of the transition to peacetime to advocate for stimulus in pursuit of economic development.

The Union Government and the peace

In this address, Rowell surveyed the work of the Union Government in managing Canada's transition from war to peace, including the demobilization of the Canadian Expeditionary Force and provisions for veterans.

"Are you coming back clean in Body?"

This YMCA pamphlet offered Canadian soldiers a lesson, albeit a belated one, on the dangers of prostitutes and sexually-transmitted diseases, and offered a warning to soldiers who might be returning to Canada "bearing the dishonorable marks of Venereal Disease."

View PDF: PDF icon Coming Back.pdf

Welcoming the Westies home

British Columbia's Westminster Regiment fought in Italy and north-west Europe during the Second World War. It returned home to New Westminster in January 1946, having lost 134 men to enemy action.

Sold by an unemployed war veteran

A combination of high unemployment after the First World War and insufficient programs for veterans forced many ex-soldiers to turn to other means to support themselves - such as selling patriotic song cards like this one.

Return of a soldier

This sentimental song was one of many that looked forward to the day when Canada's soldiers would return home.

Canada and the Versailles Treaty

This speech was delivered by Prime Minister Robert Borden to the House of Commons in September 1919, discussing the Versailles Treaty that ended the First World War.

Classification of Mental Disorders

Given the trauma associated with many soldiers' experiences throughout the war, this document can give insight into the treatment of mental disorders during and after the war.

View PDF: PDF icon Désordres Mentaux

When Canada's Fighting Man Again Becomes a Working Man

Facing the challenge of facilitating the successful return of thousands of servicemen to civilian life, the government published this pamphlet to educate Canadians on the measures in place and the national strategy for demobilization.

View PDF: PDF icon "D" Day

Wartime Propaganda

Writing during the interwar period, the author reflects on the perceived deception of Canadian Society by Allied propaganda during the First World War.

A soldier-settler in Simcoe County

In July 1916, Charles Coster enlisted in the 238th Battalion in New Liskeard, Ontario. After the war, he applied to the Soldier Settlement Board and eventually acquired land near Waterford, Ontario - the documents suggest that the transaction was not without its difficulties.

View PDF: PDF icon SSB Coster.pdf

Reuniting the family

This conventional welcome-home song is most remarkable for the cover illustration - the terrible strain of war is clearly visible on the faces of the soldier and his wife.

"Stalwart sons of khaki"

One of Canada's most prolific songwriters and music publishers, Thompson wrote this song in anticipation of the parades that would be held to welcome Canada's soldiers home.

Welcoming war brides to Canada

A British woman who married a Canadian soldier during the First World War faced a host of complications in relocating to a new country. This pamphlet was intended to answer some of the most basic questions.

Discounted travel for veterans

Through the Soldier Settlement Board, veterans could receive discounted rail tickets for travel in connection with taking up farming work.

Horses for a soldier settler

The program that aimed to turn First World War veterans into farmers allowed them to purchase livestock at reduced prices. Ivor Eastwood had served in the 46th Battalion in France, after enlisting in Weyburn, Saskatchewan, in 1915.

Are Empires Doomed?

This pamphlet reflects on Anglo-American relations as they relate to Canada and the British Empire.

Soldiers from the wars returning

Harry Rose was working as a waiter in Toronto when he enlisted in 1914 - after serving with the 3rd Battalion at the front, he enjoyed minor success as a songwriter with songs like this one, which was written to welcome other Canadian soldiers home.

View PDF: PDF icon Victorious.pdf

News on the voyage home

This mimeographed newsletter was produced on a transport ship, possibly the SS "Pasteur," that was bringing home Canadian soldiers at the end of the Second World War. It was evidently printed on the day that the ship was due to arrive in Halifax, and its poor condition suggests that it passed through many hands.

View PDF: PDF icon Homeward bound.pdf

Higher education for veterans

In an effort to help returning servicemen find civilian careers, many post-secondary institutions offered them special entry into their education programs.