These posters, featuring graphic art by Ted Harris, were probably distributed as a product premium during the Second World War.
Like most children, the students of Lord Roberts School in London, Ontario, were deeply involved in supporting the war effort, through collecting scrap paper, raising money for the Canadian Red Cross Society, or donating money to buy airplanes.
Certificates like these were given to schoolchildren as a way to recognize their contribution to the war effort, and to ensure that they felt included in the struggle.
Courses in defence training were mandatory for boys and girls in most Canadian high schools during the Second World War, although certain elements of the course for girls (such as "Healthful Living, Rhythmics, Dances, etc") were not covered in this textbook.
Probably distributed as a product premium during the Second World War, these photographs show military aircraft that were in Canadian and British service: Bell Airacobra; Blackburn Skua; Boulton & Paul Defiant; Consolidated Liberator; Curtiss Kittyhawk; Douglas B19; Douglas DB7 Havoc; Hudson Bomber; Lockheed YP38; Spitfire; and Vultee Vanguard.
Like other sets in the Fighting Forces series (and the World in Arms series on which it was based), this one featured naval vessels from Allied as well as enemy fleets: US battleship "Mississippi"; French battleship "Dunkerque"; British torpedo boat "Hornet"; Japanese destroyer "Fubuki"; Italian cruiser "Zara"; German submarine; US heavy cruiser "Indianapolis"; Spanish cruiser "Canarias"; motor torpedo boat; Japanese aircraft carrier "Akagi"; British battleship "Rodney"; Italian M.A.S. boat.
Distributed by the Canada Starch Company as a product premium during the Second World War, this set depicted Allied naval vessels: aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal, a Tribal-class destroyer, battleship HMS King George V, battle cruiser HMS Repulse, a Shark-class submarine, battleship HMS Warspite, a motor torpedo boat, and battle cruiser HMS Hood.
A separate section of the Fighting Forces gum card series (and the American World in Arms series on which it was based) was reserved for a hodge-podge of different weapons: Flame Throwers; British Death-dealing Balloon Barrage; Landing Russian "Air Infantry"; The New Garand Automatic Rifle; British Portable Steel Air Raid Shelter; Gas Raid Rescue Squad; Stream of Torpedoes; Devastating Martin-Barlow Aerial Bomb.
The manufacturers of the Fighting Forces gum card series, and the American World in Arms series on which it was based, applied the quaint term "iron cavalry" to the new mobile warfare.
Issued in 1939 using artwork from the American World in Arms series, the Fighting Forces gum card series was printed in Canada with a bilingual element added.
Issued in 1939 using artwork from the American World in Arms series, the bilingual Fighting Forces series offered young card collectors a wide range of subjects, including military fortifications.
These gum cards probably went into production very early in the Second World War - many of the airplanes featured had been removed service as obsolete by 1940, while others would eventually go through many variants: Republic Guardsman; Vickers Wellesley; Armstrong-Whitworth Whitley; Northrop 8A; Vought V-143; Supermarine Seagull V; Bell VFM-1; Curtiss Hawk III; Short Singapore III; Caudron C-670; Supermarine Stranraer; Lockheed Electra 10E; Sikorsky S-43; Boeing Stratoliner; Curtiss Y1A-18; Hanrive 510; Fairey FC; Grumann Midwing; Douglas TBD-1; North American Harvard; Northrop N-3; Saunders-Roe Lerwick; Vought-Sikorsky F4U; Cessna AT-A.
During the First World War, it was quite common for women to pose for photographs while wearing a uniform that belonged to a loved one.
This postcard took the traditional card game Nap (or Napoleon), a simplified version of whist, and gave it patriotic overtones.
These images of Second World War Allied aircraft were probably cut from cereal boxes, and could be saved or traded.
These cards were distributed in packages of Toasted Prairie Nuts, Toasted Rice Nuts, and Bracer cereal.
These cards were distributed during the Second World War in packages of Golden Saratoga potato chips.
These images, distributed in boxes of cereal, showed some of the flags of the Commonwealth's war effort.
Silks were often included in cigarette packages as product premiums to be collected. These silks refers to villages near Ypres, where the Canadian Expeditionary Force first saw action in the spring of 1915.