Fighting

The war so far

In this speech, the former Ottawa Member of Parliament and member of the Senate gave a brief outline of the Allied war effort over the first two years of the war.

The removal of Sir Sam Hughes

After Minister of Militia and Defence Sam Hughes was ousted from the government of Sir Robert Borden in 1916, the federal Liberal Party published a series of letters that attempted to discredit the government's conduct in the episode.

Canada as a German colony

In this fascinating address, Clarance Warner sketched a picture of Canada's future if the British Empire lost the First World War and Canada became a German colony.

The coming of war

Although the war was only a few months old, Canadians already had access to a selection of diplomatic communiques and government papers relating to the declaration of war and Canada's contribution to the imperial war effort.

Laurier and voluntary enlistment

During the bitterly fought 1917 election campaign, the Union Government released this correspondence between Liberal leader Sir Wilfrid Laurier and the Canadian Club in Hamilton, Ontario, to cast doubt on Laurier's commitment to the war effort.

View PDF: Two Letters.pdf

The 1917 election

Journalist and Liberal Party organizer W.T.R. Preston was a bitter critic on the Conservative government and its running of the war, best known for writing the editorial that led to Sir Arthur Currie suing a Port Hope, Ontario, newspaper for libel. In this speech, he launched a blistering attack on the government for meddling in the 1917 election.

"We will drive the foeman back"

Joseph Lawson was a Toronto insurance broker who was attested into the 204th Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force, to act as a recruiter. He often appeared at recruiting rallies with John Slatter, bandmaster of the 48th Highlanders.

Militia General Orders, 1917

General Orders, promulgated to Canada's Non-Permanent Active Militia by the Minister of Militia in Militia Council, addressed a range of administrative and functional matters. This one covered decorations and medals for long-serving members of the Militia.

The King's Message to the RAF

After the First World War, J.C. Shackleton of Toronto, Ontario, received this certificate marking his service in the Royal Air Force (formerly the Royal Flying Corps).

Fighting the flu pandemic

During the influenza epidemic at the end of the First World War, many public health authorities deputized civilian volunteers to assist with emergency medical care. Agnes Shackleton, shown in the photograph, wore this armband and carried this identification card on her rounds in October 1918.

Canadian Defence: What We Have to Defend

Interested in adult education, the Kelsey Club in collaboration with the newly formed Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, provided this series of discussions on the subject of Canadian defence. Each discussion is led by a prominent individual; contributors include J.W. Dafoe and J.S. Woodsworth.

Canada's War Effort, 1914-1918

Published at the end of the First World War, this booklet provided an overview of all aspects of Canada's war effort over the previous four years.

The CEF in the Hundred Days

Written by the official correspondent to the Ministry of Overseas Military Forces of Canada, Fred James, this booklet details Canada's role in the battles of Amiens, Arras, and Cambrai, often referred to as the Hundred Days.

View PDF: Canada's Triumph

The week before the Armistice

Montreal publisher John Dougall produced this weekly digest of news, editorials, and cartoons from various international newspapers, to keep Quebeckers abreast of opinion outside of Canada.

View PDF: World Wide.pdf

Canada at War: Speeches Delivered by Robert Borden in Canada and the United Kingdom

This booklet contains a collection of speeches given by Prime Minister Robert L. Borden at locations in Toronto, Ottawa, and London (UK) throughout the summer of 1918.

View PDF: Canada at War

Canada at War: Speeches Delivered by Robert Borden before the Canadian Clubs

This booklet contains a collection of speeches given by Prime Minister Robert L. Borden before the Canadian Clubs of Toronto, Montrael, Halifax, and Winnipeg in December of 1914.

Canada at War: Speeches Delivered by Robert L. Borden in Canada and the United Kingdom

This booklet contains a collection of speeches given by Prime Minister Robert L. Borden in Montreal, London (UK) and Manchester between December, 1916 and May, 1917.

View PDF: Canada at War

Canada at War: Special Session of the Dominion Parliament, 1914

In this speech before a special session of the Dominion parliament in August of 1914, Prime Minister Robert Borden considers emergency measures to be adopted by the government in response to the outbreak of war in Europe.

View PDF: Canada at War

Robert Borden in New York

In this speech given to the Lawyers' Club of New York City in November 1916, Prime Minister Robert L. Borden discusses the relationship between Canada and the United States.

View PDF: Canada at War

Canada at War: Imperial Conference, 1917

Prime Minister Robert Borden gave this speech to the House of Commons, commenting on the Imperial War Conference of 1917.

View PDF: Canada at War

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