Canadian Federal Finance

In this booklet, O.D. Skelton writes of Canada's financial situation resulting from the war effort of the previous four years. He emphasizes the need for economic vigilance on the part of all Canadians.

Economic Stabilization in Wartime

The later war years witnessed a marked rise in the cost of living. This booklet addresses different means of stabilizing the wartime economy, and outlines the various reasons for and means of counteracting inflation.

Wartime hints from BC Electric

The monthly newsletter carried a wide range of advice and suggestions: slip-covering furniture rather than purchasing new; maintaining kitchen appliances that could not be replaced; the importance of walking in a time of gasoline rationing; recipes for such things as pickled walnuts and mint tinkle; canning fruits and vegetables; and stretching coffee and tea rations.

The Hyde Park Declaration - Statement by William Lyon Mackenzie King

The Hyde Park Declaration of 1941 detailed an agreement between the United States and Canada to allow American-produced war materials made in Canada, for Britain, to be included in the Lend-Lease agreement. The United States, still neutral at the time, had passed legislation allowing for the production of war materials for the Allied countries, with payment to be made at a later date. The King government feared this would divert British orders in Canada to the United States, so Roosevelt and King devised the Hyde Park Declaration as a means to alleviate this concern.

War Scandals of the Borden Government

Published by the federal Liberal Party, this booklet critically reviews the behaviours and actions of the wartime Borden government. Of particular note are accusations regarding unnecessary supply shortages, production delays, and the ever-present fear of wartime profiteering.

View PDF: PDF icon War Scandals

Income Tax, 1917

Originally presented as a temporary wartime measure, the Income War Tax Act of 1917 was viewed as a controversial measure at the time. This digest, offered by R. Easton Burns, a certified accountant, goes through the act clause-by-clause to discuss its full impact on Canadians.

Defending factories and businesses

Pamphlets like this one educated factory and business owners on their wartime responsibilities - both in terms of production and security. It was important that wartime production in Canada maintain an efficient pace and follow the proper security measures to prevent disaster should any industries be threatened by air raids or other domestic threats.

Identification, please !

For many Canadians, the wartime requirement to carry identification at all times was a novelty. Folders like this one were widely distributed as a reminder that they might be asked to produce a registration certificate at any time.

Canada's Trade Policy and the War

Canada's wartime economy relied heavily on foreign trade. This pamphlet outlines Canada's trade policy procedures with emphasis on the import and export of commodities.

View PDF: PDF icon Trade Policy.pdf

Labour and the war

This pamphlet, published in association with the Canadian Institute of International Affairs, offers a glimpse into the problems, attitudes, and aspirations of Canadian factory workers.

Buy Canadian

This handbill, which bears a 1918 postmark from Maple Creek, Saskatchewan, reminded people of the need to buy Canadian-made products, to offset the amount of money being spent purchasing foreign-made munitions and war materials.

"Victory Is Our Business"

Defence Industries Limited opened a munitions plant in Pickering Township, Ontario, in 1941, and the town of Ajax grew up around it. The plant employed some 9000 workers at its peak and filled forty million shells of various sizes over the course of the Second World War.

View PDF: PDF icon Commando.pdf

Mobilizing human resources

The requirement to register with the federal government became law in 1940, and by 1944 had been expanded to apply to every Canadian over the age of sixteen.

Guides for individual taxpayers

These simple guides were intended to answer the standard questions posed by taxpayers: "Who Pays? How Much? When? Where? How?".

Four years of wartime income tax

Four years into the Second World War, the federal government had created a tax regime intended to help finance the war without throttling spending and investment.

Income tax at war's end

The most significant change from previous years was that the buidling housing the London office of the Inspector of Income Tax, once known as the Bell Building, had been renamed the Victory Building.

Basic tax form for London, Ontario

This simplified income tax form was intended for workers in lower income brackets and with limited investments.

Easy tax calculation

This simple table from 1942 indicated base rates of taxation for working Canadians with up to eight dependents.

Excess profits tax

During the Second World War, the federal government took a hard line on excess profits, in light of the controveries over profiteering that had swept Canada in the First World War.

Income tax for farmers and ranchers

Basic income tax forms have changed little over the years, although the Second World War brought some special new taxes and deductions.

View PDF: PDF icon 1941-T1A.pdf