Contemporary Accounts

The Union Government in power

A year after the 1917 election, Newton Rowell, president of the Privy Council in the Union Government, surveyed its achievements, including the institution of conscription, and applauded the Liberals (like himself) who went over to the Union side.

Vote against the Union Government

In this booklet published during the 1917 election campaign, Boyd called for Canadian voters to reject the Union Government and "shatter the trenches of deception, special privilege, political autocracy and narrow-minded fanaticism."

View PDF: PDF icon Fair Play.pdf

The removal of Sir Sam Hughes

After Minister of Militia and Defence Sam Hughes was ousted from the government of Sir Robert Borden in 1916, the federal Liberal Party published a series of letters that attempted to discredit the government's conduct in the episode.

The coming of war

Although the war was only a few months old, Canadians already had access to a selection of diplomatic communiques and government papers relating to the declaration of war and Canada's contribution to the imperial war effort.

Canada's War Effort, 1914-1918

Published at the end of the First World War, this booklet provided an overview of all aspects of Canada's war effort over the previous four years.

The CEF in the Hundred Days

Written by the official correspondent to the Ministry of Overseas Military Forces of Canada, Fred James, this booklet details Canada's role in the battles of Amiens, Arras, and Cambrai, often referred to as the Hundred Days.

View PDF: PDF icon Canada's Triumph

The week before the Armistice

Montreal publisher John Dougall produced this weekly digest of news, editorials, and cartoons from various international newspapers, to keep Quebeckers abreast of opinion outside of Canada.

View PDF: PDF icon World Wide.pdf

Democracy in the Modern World

These three addresses by Senator Claude Pepper, made before the Canadian Clubs of Toronto and Ottawa, and the Empire Parliamentary Association of Toronto, address the meaning of "Democracy in the Modern World" in the face of the war.

The War: The German Army

Part of a series, this issue of La Guerre examines the German army.

View PDF: PDF icon L'armée allemande


The Dieppe raid was launched on the northern coast of France in August of 1942. Over 6000 infantrymen, predominantly Canadians, took part. Half of them returned to England without having accomplished their objectives; the rest were killed or captured. Bob Bowman, an overseas correspondent with the CBC, detailed the event in this pamphlet for the Canadian public.

View PDF: PDF icon Dieppe

CEF to the Crown Colony of Hong Kong

In 1941 the British War Office requested that Canada send reinforcements to the colony of Hong Kong, the aim being to establish a stronger presence in the region should war break out in the Far East. This document contains the subsequent report on the Canadian Expeditionary Force sent to Hong Kong.

View PDF: PDF icon CEF in Hong Kong

With Canada's Fighting Men

In September 1941 a group of Canadian journalists were taken on a tour through the eastern Canadian establishments of the Navy, Army, and Air Force, in addition to a number of industrial plants engaged in wartime production. This booklet details the observations of G.H. Sallans, a journalist for the Vancouver Sun, throughout that tour.

Canadians All

Responding to the perceived potential for a fifth-column attack on behalf of the Nazi regime, Professor Kirkconnell seeks to bring Canadians together under an umbrella of unity. In this booklet he explains and emphasizes the commonalities among the different races and cultures that comprise the Canadian polity, arguing for the war as a perfect opportunity to recognize these commonalities and fight against disunity - something he argues the Nazis could use to infiltrate Canada.

View PDF: PDF icon Canadians All

Canada at War, No. 45

First published in August of 1940, the Canada at War series aimed to provide Canadians with the most up-to-date information on the war effort, both at home and overseas. This is the 40th issue in that series.

The Victoria Cross

This booklet honours Canadians who were awarded the Victoria Cross from the beginning of the Second World War to 1944.

View PDF: PDF icon La Victoria Cross

What Quebec Wants

Following the divisive issue of conscription in 1917, this booklet by the Quebec newspaper La Presse outlined some of the major issues confronting French-English relations in Canada.

View PDF: PDF icon What Quebec Wants

Who Shall Rule?

With the implementation of a number of new wartime economic controls by 1917, many Canadians feared that banks and profiteers would take advantage of the situation to profit. This booklet details those concerns, with contributions by former prime minister Wilfrid Laurier and other prominent politicians.

View PDF: PDF icon Who Shall Rule?

The Canadian Daily Record

Distributed free of charge through all Canadian military units in Europe, the "Record" contained a mix of international and domestic news, to keep soldiers informed of what was going on in the wider world. It was printed on thin newsprint, so many of the surviving copies are in poor condition.

Winners of the Victoria Cross

To assist people who were called upon to give public addresses about the war, the federal government provided this digest of Victoria Cross-winning deeds, which could be used to add interest to any speech.

View PDF: PDF icon For Valor.pdf

Battalion mascots

Winnie the Pooh was only the most famous of the black bears to be adopted by Canadian units as mascots during the First World War.