Introductory Essay

This short essay focuses on education within schools and universities during the Second World War in order to explore the relationship between war and learning. In elementary schools, high schools,…
Canada’s participation in the First World War has often been described as a coming-of-age – a trial by fire that transformed an immature colonial polity into an independent adult nation. Yet despite…

Artillery pieces in action

Issued in 1939 using artwork from the American World in Arms series, the Fighting Forces gum card series was printed in Canada with a bilingual element added.

A patriotic card game

This postcard took the traditional card game Nap (or Napoleon), a simplified version of whist, and gave it patriotic overtones.

Women in uniform

During the First World War, it was quite common for women to pose for photographs while wearing a uniform that belonged to a loved one.

Collecting Allied aircraft pictures

These images of Second World War Allied aircraft were probably cut from cereal boxes, and could be saved or traded.

Snacks, ships and airplanes

These cards were distributed during the Second World War in packages of Golden Saratoga potato chips.

Airplanes with breakfast

These cards were distributed in packages of Toasted Prairie Nuts, Toasted Rice Nuts, and Bracer cereal.

Canada's flags in wartime

These images, distributed in boxes of cereal, showed some of the flags of the Commonwealth's war effort.

The Second Battle of Ypres

Silks were often included in cigarette packages as product premiums to be collected. These silks refers to villages near Ypres, where the Canadian Expeditionary Force first saw action in the spring of 1915.

Boston medium bomber

This image of a Douglas Boston medium bomber was probably distributed as a product premium during the Second World War.

Too young to be a soldier

During the First World War, it was quite common for children to dress in uniforms that had been tailor-made or cut down to fit them.