World War II

Canada's Merchant Seamen

This booklet describes the contributions of Canada's Merchant Seamen to Canada's war effort, and describes the compensation they received from the government for their service.

Brief Notes on War Gases and Spray

This pamphlet instructs soldiers on the various war gases they may encounter, how to recognize them, and how to protect yourself against them.

Basic and Battle Physical Training Part IX: Boxing and Wrestling

This book, part of a series of training pamphlets that replaced the 1942 Physical Training series, describes the basics of boxing and wrestling and their military uses.

Canadian Red Cross Speakers' Manual for the National Campaign

This booklet has instructions for speakers from the Canadian Red Cross Society, to help them meet their $5,000,000 goal in the 1940 national campaign. It includes information about how the Red Cross will use your donations, and sample speeches used encourage people to donate.

Halifax in Wartime 1943

This collection of drawings by Robert W. Chambers was published by The Halifax Mail to permanently show life in Halifax during wartime.

Infantry Training Part VI: The Anti-Tank Platoon 1943

The UK War Office produced and issued a series of short training manuals used by both the British and Canadian armies. Collectively, these manuals established the doctrine, or tactical procedures, for both armies throughout the war. This 1943 manual concerns the operation of the anti-tank platoon.

Attack and Defence: Unarmed Combat in Pictures

Ever wonder how to fight an armed Nazi with your bare hands? Look no further. Mixed Martial Arts, 1940s style!

A Home on Civvy Street

A 1945 guide to postwar employment, buying a home, and other aspects of reintegration into civilian society for returned servicemen.

Home Sweet Home

An idyllic image of home, the kind that sustained Canadians in uniform through the long years of war.

The war so far ...

Because so much of the fighting took place in regions that were unfamiliar to Canadians, war maps were enormously popular, for they simplified complicated events and allowed civilians to make sense of news coming from the war fronts.

The War Service Gratuity, 1945

The war gratuity, paid to servicemen and women upon discharge, was based on length of service at home and overseas. On this worksheet, a Prince Edward Island soldier calculated his gratuity as $668.30, just over $9100 in current values.

Calling all veterans

With the Second World War creating hundreds of thousands of potential members, the Canadian Legion took every opportunity to inform men and women in uniform of its goals and projects.

The cost of war

With the realization that Canada would face unprecedented spending demands, greater even than those faced in the First World War, one bank provided a sober analysis of the problem of growing war debt as it looked early in the Second World War.

View PDF: BNS War Debt.pdf

Modern war in school

A Prince Edward Island schoolboy used these exercise books during the Second World War for mathematics and writing; there were six different books in the "Branches of the Service" series.

Certificate of Medical Unfitness

The National Resources Mobilization Act of 1940 called up men for examination for possible military service; this New Brunswicker was found medically unfit.

Go To It!

This Second World War advertising premium invoked British cabinet minister Herbert Morrison in urging Canadians to buy War Savings Certificates.

What's wrong with Canada's tax policy?

This address by G.S. Thorvaldson contrasted wartime, when taxation was a "patriotic duty," and peacetime, when it became "an economic and social problem." He made the case that big corporations stood to gain the most in both contexts.

View PDF: ITPA.pdf

"Efficient first aid may be a life-saving knowledge"

Compiled in 1942, this manual covered everything from splinting a broken limb to recognizing and dealing with gas attacks.

View PDF: First Aid RCN.pdf

Women of the Anglican Missionary Society

Like virtually every organization in Canada, the Woman's Auxiliary added war work to its charitable activities during the Second World War, and reported on its initiatives in this monthly magazine.

Knitting for Victory

This craft book included a long list of women's war charities in Canada, and patterns for every conceivable garment for men and women in uniform, as well as "practical styles for war victims."

View PDF: Monarch.pdf

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