World War II
In August 1943, Canada played host to US president Franklin D. Roosevelt, British prime minister Winston Churchill, and a host of important commanders and civil servants from the Allied nations to plan the next phase of the war against Germany and Japan.
Prevented from doing so during the Second World War because of the need for secrecy, Nova Scotia Light and Power later told its war story in a series of radio broadcasts, and then condensed the broadcasts into a fully illustrated souvenir magazine in 1946.
Four ensembles, the Originals, the London Life Troupers, the Tweedsmuir Revue, and the London Little Theatre, performed to entertain men and women in uniform and raise funds for the Citizens Auxiliary War Services Committee.
Across the Allied world in May 1945, communities like Chesley, Ontario, gathered to give thanks for the defeat of Nazi Germany.
Endorsed by the Archbishop of Quebec, this prayer book was published by the Knights of Columbus within a few months of the beginning of the Second World War.
By 1943, Japan controlled up to three-quarters of the world's supply of crude rubber - making recycling essential if the Allied war effort was to continue.
This donation card, directed at Ontario children, conflated Mother's Day, religion, and the need to defeat Nazi Germany
It was up to Canadians at home to remember their loved ones overseas with the odd gift - bought, of course, from a local retailer.
This multilingual decal was made in 1943, likely to affix to Canadian war materiel, perhaps vehicles, being exported.
A Canadian soldier brought this home to Canada in 1945, a keepsake from a grateful Dutch civilian.
Torontonians could support the Red Cross by attending this recital, and were also asked to patronize the businesses that supported the cause.
Wreaths cover the base of the cenotaph in Edmonton, Alberta, during a service held after the Second World War.
This image of the women's pipe band was given to veterans in Fort William, Ontario, as they returned from service during the Second World War.
During the Second World War, the federal government aggressively promoted a "buy Canadian" strategy, to prevent an outflow of currency to pay for foreign-made goods.
As Canada went to war for the second time in a generations, the Legion president reflected on the meaning of the Vimy memorial and observed that the words "Remembrance" and "Duty" now carried even great meaning and obligation.
Postcards were a routine way of corresponding quickly with family and friends in the age before e-mail. This rare collection shows Canadian infantry training and recreating at Camp Debert in Nova Scotia, ca. 1942.
This pamphlet instructs field engineers on constructing protective works including mortar emplacements, weapon slits, and shelter for troops. This version of the pamphlet dates from 1941. A somewhat different 1944 version is also available on Wartime Canada.
At the end of the Second World War, a Canadian brewery published this collection of illustrations, as a tribute to French Canada's soldiers and the battles they fought: Beauvoir Farm, Casa Berardi, Bernières-sur-mer, Hill 195, Dieppe, Etavaux, Inchville, the Normandy landings, Nieuwvliet, San Martino, and Termoli.
This speech by Lt.Col. James Mess tried to recruit young men to the Canadian Army.