World War I

Militia General Orders, 1917

General Orders, promulgated to Canada's Non-Permanent Active Militia by the Minister of Militia in Militia Council, addressed a range of administrative and functional matters. This one covered decorations and medals for long-serving members of the Militia.

"Do not begin now to tell me that I am foolish"

An unidentified British Columbia soldier gives his reasons for enlisting in the 50th Regiment, Gordon Highlanders, describes his training with the British Columbia Horse, and mentions attacks on German-owned businesses in Victoria.

The King's Message to the RAF

After the First World War, J.C. Shackleton of Toronto, Ontario, received this certificate marking his service in the Royal Air Force (formerly the Royal Flying Corps).

Sold by an unemployed war veteran

A combination of high unemployment after the First World War and insufficient programs for veterans forced many ex-soldiers to turn to other means to support themselves - such as selling patriotic song cards like this one.

Fighting the flu pandemic

During the influenza epidemic at the end of the First World War, many public health authorities deputized civilian volunteers to assist with emergency medical care. Agnes Shackleton, shown in the photograph, wore this armband and carried this identification card on her rounds in October 1918.

Address to the Catholic Women's League of Montreal

This booklet contains a speech by Charles Murphy, the Postmaster General of Canada, before the Catholic Women's League of Montreal. The focus of Murphy's speech is the importance of maintaining peace and spreading national goodwill.

Canadian Federal Finance

This booklet, in many ways a response to an earlier work published by O.D. Skelton under the same name, examines war finance within the broader period of 1913 to 1926, to provide a "correct" perspective on postwar finance.

Canadian Federal Finance

In this booklet, O.D. Skelton writes of Canada's financial situation resulting from the war effort of the previous four years. He emphasizes the need for economic vigilance on the part of all Canadians.

Canada's War Effort, 1914-1918

Published at the end of the First World War, this booklet provided an overview of all aspects of Canada's war effort over the previous four years.

The CEF in the Hundred Days

Written by the official correspondent to the Ministry of Overseas Military Forces of Canada, Fred James, this booklet details Canada's role in the battles of Amiens, Arras, and Cambrai, often referred to as the Hundred Days.

View PDF: PDF icon Canada's Triumph

The week before the Armistice

Montreal publisher John Dougall produced this weekly digest of news, editorials, and cartoons from various international newspapers, to keep Quebeckers abreast of opinion outside of Canada.

View PDF: PDF icon World Wide.pdf

Canada's Part in the War

This booklet, the third edition of an original work published by the Director of Public Information in 1919, presents an overview of Canada's participation in the Great War.

Return of a soldier

This sentimental song was one of many that looked forward to the day when Canada's soldiers would return home.

Raising funds for ex-soldiers' families

This song, written in honour of the Prince of Wales, who visited Canada immediately after the First World War, raised money for the Soldiers' Aid Commission of Ontario, which assisted the families of ex-soldiers in financial distress.

View PDF: PDF icon His Smile.pdf

"The Navy's sturdy arm"

This jaunty song paid tribute to the sailors of the Royal Navy, whose constant protection meant that "Canada has never had to fear war's alarm."

View PDF: PDF icon Keep Watch.pdf

Allies united in song

This arrangement expressed the unity of the Allied nations by combining the national songs of Ireland, France, Scotland, Russia, Italy, Wales, Belgium, Canada, and Britain

View PDF: PDF icon Allies Patrol.pdf

Canada's Part in the Great War

This booklet, published by the Director of Public Information in 1919, presents an overview of Canada's participation in the Great War.

Canada and the Versailles Treaty

This speech was delivered by Prime Minister Robert Borden to the House of Commons in September 1919, discussing the Versailles Treaty that ended the First World War.

Canada in the Great War

This booklet, a re-publication of pieces appearing in two issues of Maclean's magazine, contains a chronicle of Canadian accomplishments during the First World War, as recounted by Major George A. Drew.

Canada at War: Speeches Delivered by Robert Borden in Canada and the United Kingdom

This booklet contains a collection of speeches given by Prime Minister Robert L. Borden at locations in Toronto, Ottawa, and London (UK) throughout the summer of 1918.

View PDF: PDF icon Canada at War